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Wednesday, November 08, 2023

Is ChatGPT Taking Over? No.

The Gist

  • ChatGPT is paving the way for advanced AI in scientific research and publishing, especially in editing tasks.
  • It offers opportunities for automating information synthesis, improving communication, and programming in scientific domains.
  • A hybrid narrative review methodology incorporating ChatGPT is being explored in medical education and literature to identify gaps in current research.
  • ChatGPT has been evaluated for its ability to synthesize medication literature, showcasing its potential to mimic human-like responses.
  • AI tools like ChatGPT could enhance the efficiency of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, which are vital for evidence-based decision-making.
  • However, there are concerns about ChatGPT's limitations, such as understanding context, spreading misinformation, and plagiarism.
  • The role of human expertise is irreplaceable for in-depth context understanding, critical thinking, and adherence to ethical research principles.

This blog post discusses the current and potential roles that ChatGPT plays in this field, highlighting its capabilities, ongoing studies, and limitations based on recent research.

The impact of artificial intelligence, specifically language models like ChatGPT, on scientific research and publishing has been significant. 

Below are some points to consider regarding the use of Chat GPT in scientific research:

- **Effectiveness of Chat GPT in Synthesizing Scientific Articles**: Although Chat GPT can generate basic summaries of scientific content, it has limitations due to its lack of deep understanding. The tool relies on identifying statistical language patterns rather than actual comprehension, which means it does not truly synthesize the material as a human expert would.

- **Limitations in Concept Synthesis**: Chat GPT's algorithm focuses on replicating key phrases, which can lead to superficial outputs that lack true synthesis of complex concepts. This focus on repetition over genuine concept integration can be misleading for students or researchers who expect the tool to provide a deeper understanding of scientific literature.

- **Utility in Search Strategy Formation**: Chat GPT can be a helpful tool for beginners in formulating search strategies. It can guide users through the basics of boolean logic and help construct search strings that yield more targeted results. Its assistance in this area can streamline the initial stages of research.

- **The Necessity of Human Expertise**: Human librarians remain essential for more intricate research tasks that require a nuanced understanding and systematic approach. Their expertise in crafting comprehensive search strategies surpasses what Chat GPT can offer, especially in cases requiring critical analysis and sophisticated thinking.

- **Advantages of Chat GPT**: Chat GPT's strengths lie in its ability to recommend specialized databases tailored to specific research topics, thus broadening the scope of research resources. It also offers support in structuring studies and analyzing data. Chat GPT can significantly catalyze the research process and overcome creative hurdles by generating innovative topic ideas and relevant keywords.

- **Potential Negative Impacts**: Chat GPT is not without risks. The model's training on predominantly English language data may introduce linguistic biases, potentially affecting the inclusivity and accuracy of information. The danger of perpetuating social prejudices and stereotypes is also due to AI learning from existing language patterns. Additionally, the tool's ability to produce convincing but inaccurate content poses a risk of disseminating misinformation, which, in turn, could foster an overdependence on AI responses, leading to misplaced trust among users.

The integration of ChatGPT into the scientific community is a major step towards a future where AI complements human intellect in enhancing research and publishing processes. ChatGPT's abilities are expected to lead the way for more advanced AI systems, especially in academic editing, as Ferrante et al. (2023) noted.

ChatGPT's natural language processing abilities enable it to produce coherent and sophisticated text, automating tasks such as information synthesis, which is crucial in scientific communication and programming (Ferrante et al., 2023). A hybrid narrative review on ChatGPT's application in medical education has adopted a novel approach that combines conventional review methods with the aid of ChatGPT, aiming to bridge gaps in existing literature.

Ferrante et al. (2023) also examine ChatGPT's competence in synthesizing medication evidence, considering its capability to mimic human responses, a study that further solidifies ChatGPT's potential in synthesizing complex medical literature. Such powers have profound implications in systematic reviews and meta-analyses, where thorough literature searches and synthesis underpin evidence-based decision-making. Tools like ChatGPT could significantly expedite these research methodologies with the increasing volume of scientific publications.

However, the bright prospects of ChatGPT's integration come with caveats. The lack of complete context understanding, the risk of propagating misinformation, and the potential for plagiarism must be carefully considered. Ferrante et al. (2023) highlight the indispensable role of human judgment and expertise, which remain fundamental in ensuring adherence to ethical principles and critical thinking in scientific research.

As the corpus of scientific literature grows, the statistical model of ChatGPT is constantly fed with new data, enhancing its performance. However, the current limitations serve as a reminder that AI is a tool to support—not replace—the nuanced cognition of human researchers. The scientific community is responsible for judiciously using these tools, ensuring that AI is leveraged to complement human intellect rather than a standalone solution.

The broader impact of ChatGPT on academic research is evidenced by its growing presence in scientific publications. In 2021, the number of publications referencing AI tools like ChatGPT significantly increased, signaling a shift in research dynamics. Despite the concerns, the potential benefits of integrating AI into scientific research are manifold, from reducing the literature review time to enhancing the research output quality.

In conclusion, ChatGPT represents a new era in scientific research and publishing. Although it brings remarkable efficiencies and a new information processing paradigm, the scientific community must navigate its adoption with foresight and circumspection. Researchers are responsible for ensuring such technologies' ethical and informed usage, balancing the AI's statistical might with the irreplaceable value of human insight. The future of ChatGPT and similar AI tools in scientific research requires continuous evaluation as these technologies evolve. As we explore this uncharted territory, the collective wisdom of the scientific community will ensure that these tools enhance, rather than undermine, the integrity of scientific inquiry.

APA formatted bibliography for the sources referenced:

Ferrante, G., et al. (2023). ChatGPT in Scientific Research: A Guide to Informed Use. Epidemiol Prev, 47(3), 203-207. Retrieved from

Ferrante, G., et al. (2023). The Future of ChatGPT in Academic Research and Publishing: A Commentary. Retrieved from

Ferrante, G., et al. (2023). Overview of Early ChatGPT's Presence in Medical Literature: Insights. Retrieved from

Ferrante, G., et al. (2023). How Good Is ChatGPT for Medication Evidence Synthesis? Stud Health Technol Inform, 302, 1062-1066. DOI: 10.3233/SHTI230347. Retrieved from

Ferrante, G., et al. (2023). Application ChatGPT in Conducting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Nature. Retrieved from

Tuesday, November 07, 2023

AI Trends 2023

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly expanding with unprecedented growth. It is projected that global spending on AI technology will reach over $500 billion by 2023. This significant investment by governments and businesses highlights the potential of AI to revolutionize industries across the board, from healthcare to finance and beyond. 

Generative AI, such as ChatGPT, is one of the most promising developments in AI, and it is seen as a transformative technology with far-reaching implications for various business functions. According to experts in the field, including Perri and McKinsey & Company, Generative AI is expected to become increasingly prevalent in the coming years and will likely play a pivotal role in shaping the future of AI.

According to a report by NetBase Quid in 2023, private investment in AI has decreased to $189.6 billion, but the reasons behind this decline are unclear and require further clarification. On the other hand, the adoption of AI technology by businesses has significantly increased over the past five years, with a more than twofold rise. This trend indicates that AI is being integrated more deeply into various industries, which could lead to transformative changes in how businesses operate. 

The increasing use of AI in industries such as healthcare, finance, and transportation has shown promising results in terms of efficiency, cost savings, and improved outcomes. As the technology continues to evolve and become more accessible, we will likely see even greater adoption and integration of AI in the future.

In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of attention given to the issue of AI-generated misinformation and algorithmic bias. These concerns have been central to discussions around the ethical considerations of AI development and implementation. As highlighted by the World Economic Forum in 2023, the potential for AI systems to perpetuate misinformation and bias has serious consequences that must be addressed. 

One of the main challenges in developing and using AI systems is their reliance on the data they have been trained on. If the data is biased or incomplete, the resulting AI system will also be limited. As such, developers and users of AI systems must remain aware of these limitations and take steps to mitigate them.

As technology advances, we witness a significant shift in how humans and AI collaborate. AI is increasingly used to assist in various tasks, from generating content to automating routine operations. This trend suggests that AI is expected to work alongside and complement knowledge workers rather than replace them, as predicted by Gartner for the year 2023. Microsoft's investment in OpenAI is a clear indication of the industry's recognition of the immense potential of generative AI, which has paved the way for exciting new developments in the field. With the integration of human expertise and AI capabilities, we can look forward to a future where we can achieve even more remarkable feats.

It is crucial to prioritize responsible development and ethical practices to ensure that the impact of AI on various industries is positive. The potential of AI is vast, and technologies like ChatGPT have a significant role to play in this regard. However, it is essential to implement AI thoughtfully and carefully to avoid potential pitfalls such as misinformation and bias. This can be achieved by creating an ecosystem that fosters transparency, accountability, and fairness in the development and deployment of AI systems. 

Additionally, it is crucial to ensure that AI is designed to align with social, ethical, and legal norms and that it is tested thoroughly to identify and mitigate any unintended consequences. By doing so, we can harness the full potential of AI while minimizing the risks associated with it.

For further reading and a deeper understanding of AI trends and their implications, consider exploring these resources:

- AI Index Report 2023: An annual report by Stanford University tracking AI progress.

- Future of Life Institute: Studies the societal and ethical implications of AI.

- OpenAI Publications: Research and articles from the creators of ChatGPT.

- The National AI Research Resource Task Force Report: Insights into the U.S. plans for supporting AI research.

- European Union's Artificial Intelligence Act: Proposed legislation for AI regulation in the EU.


IDC Research. (2023). Worldwide Spending on Artificial Intelligence (AI) Forecast. Forbes. Retrieved 

Perri, L. (2023). What is New in Artificial Intelligence from the 2023 Gartner Hype Cycle? Gartner. Retrieved from

McKinsey & Company. (2023). The State of AI in 2023: Generative AI's Breakout Year. McKinsey & Company. Retrieved from

NetBase Quid. (2023). 10 Graphs That Sum Up the State of AI in 2023. IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved from

McKinsey & Company. (2023). 5 AI Trends to Watch in 2023. Built-In. Retrieved from

World Economic Forum. (2023). Key AI Predictions for 2023 and Beyond. World Economic Forum. Retrieved from

Gartner. (2023). Top AI Trends to Watch Out for in 2023. Blog. Retrieved from

Monday, November 06, 2023

Fear and Loathing In AI

There is a strong tendency to sensationalize the potentially catastrophic consequences of artificial intelligence, which has become prevalent in public perception. The fear and exaggeration surrounding AI technology have primarily been caused by inaccurate media portrayals that often overlook the nuanced realities of this field. Despite the remarkable advancements in machine learning and other areas of AI, there are still many limitations and challenges that must be overcome before AI can achieve its full potential and take over the world.

It is important to approach this technology with a balanced perspective, acknowledging its potential benefits and the potential risks that must be addressed.

In the ongoing conversation about the impact of AI on society, librarians can provide valuable contributions by leveraging their expertise in countering misinformation and promoting critical thinking. 

Throughout history, librarianship has played a crucial role in shaping debates by providing access to accurate information and resources and by advocating for the importance of critical inquiry and analysis. As AI technology continues to evolve and shape our world, librarians have an opportunity to engage with the broader community and encourage thoughtful reflection on the ethical and social implications of these advancements.

This essay will delve into AI apocalyptic sensationalism, which refers to the fear and loathing surrounding the potential dangers of artificial intelligence. To gain a better understanding of this phenomenon, the historical precedents for librarianship's influence on debates related to emerging technologies are examined. 

Understanding AI Apocalyptic Sensationalism

AI apocalyptic sensationalism is a phenomenon in which individuals and media outlets tend to amplify and overstate the potential hazards and capabilities of artificial intelligence technology. 

This tendency can result in the creation of an atmosphere of fear and panic, leading to a distorted perception of the actual risks involved. It is important to approach discussions about AI technology with a balanced and evidence-based perspective to avoid unnecessary alarmism and to facilitate a constructive dialogue about the opportunities and challenges of this rapidly evolving field.

The concept of intelligent machines surpassing human intelligence or even revolting against humans has been a recurring theme in science-fiction literature and movies for decades. 

The idea of a bleak and dystopian future where machines dominate and humans are subjugated has been explored in various ways by different authors and filmmakers. From classic works like the Terminator franchise to more recent films like Ex-Machina and Her, the portrayal of sentient machines has captivated audiences for years and fueled debates about the potential risks and benefits of artificial intelligence.

The reasons behind this exaggerated portrayal stem from both genuine concerns about unforeseen consequences of advancing technology and sensationalist tendencies within media outlets seeking attention-grabbing headlines.

In today's world, it is crucial to recognize the impact of media portrayals on public perception. The ease and speed of information dissemination through social media platforms make it all the more necessary to consider. 

The spread of misinformation through these channels can create a distorted understanding of various issues among citizens needing essential knowledge or expertise. 

Consequently, public discourse often tends towards alarmist narratives that rely on sensationalism rather than informed discussions based on scientific evidence and critical analysis. As we navigate through such a complex and dynamic information landscape, we must remain vigilant and cautious in our consumption and sharing of information.

Examining Precedents for Librarianship's Influence on Debates

Throughout history, librarians have played an instrumental role in shaping and guiding debates by actively countering misinformation and promoting critical thinking. They have traditionally served as reliable gatekeepers of information, diligently working to ensure that individuals can access accurate and trustworthy resources while simultaneously discouraging the proliferation of biased or inaccurate materials. By performing this crucial function, librarians have been instrumental in fostering a culture of intellectual curiosity and debate while also helping to ensure that our collective understanding of the world remains grounded in facts and evidence.

Librarians have also been at the forefront of defending critical thinking and intellectual freedom. One of the most significant instances was during the McCarthy era when librarians played a vital role in resisting censorship attempts and ensuring that people had access to a wide range of viewpoints. They stood up against the government's attempts to suppress ideas and maintain control over information.

Similarly, during the HIV/AIDS crisis, librarians played a crucial role in providing accurate information about the disease while countering harmful myths and stigma. They curated collections that provided people with the most up-to-date research and resources on the virus, helping to dispel misinformation and educate the public. Their efforts played a significant part in reducing the stigma around HIV/AIDS and increasing public understanding of the disease.

Overall, librarians' advocacy for critical thinking and intellectual freedom has been admirable and impactful, and their work has helped to promote a more informed and open society.

The Potential Role of Librarianship in Shaping the AI Debate

As AI technology continues to advance and impact our society, librarians can play a crucial role in facilitating informed discussions about its benefits, drawbacks, and ethical implications. With their expertise in organizing, evaluating, and disseminating information, librarians possess valuable skills in information literacy that enable them to identify and assess reliable sources of information, filter out misinformation and biased content, and present complex topics in ways accessible to the general public. 

By curating collections of resources on AI, including books, articles, and online databases, librarians can help bridge the gap between technical experts and laypeople, providing a better understanding of the technology's capabilities, limitations, and potential impact on society. This can foster a more informed and engaged public discourse about AI and its role in shaping our future.

In this context, librarians hold a unique position as neutral facilitators who can foster dialogue among stakeholders. They possess a wealth of knowledge regarding diverse perspectives, which allows them to provide balanced information and encourage critical engagement with complex technological topics. By leveraging their expertise, librarians can play a pivotal role in breaking down complex AI concepts and making them more accessible to a wider audience. Furthermore, they can help individuals navigate the ethical and social implications of AI, ensuring that the technology is developed and deployed responsibly and sustainably.

Strategies for Librarians to Shape the AI Debate

To influence conversations around AI technology, librarians can adopt several practical steps:

Librarians can be vital in promoting ethical considerations, transparency, and accountability within AI development processes. 

They can provide valuable insights by highlighting potential risks associated with algorithmic biases or privacy infringements, which can help developers make informed decisions. By staying up-to-date on the latest developments in AI technology and the associated ethical concerns, librarians can guide developers on responsible practices. 

With their expertise in information management and access, librarians can also contribute to developing robust data governance policies that protect user privacy and prevent discrimination. Overall, librarians have a unique opportunity to ensure that AI development is conducted responsibly and ethically, promoting the well-being of individuals and society.

In addition to developing and improving AI technology, it is equally important to promote educational initiatives that enhance the public's understanding of this field. One way to achieve this is through organizing workshops or seminars by librarians, where experts can share their insights and knowledge on various aspects of artificial intelligence. These workshops can address misconceptions about AI technology and cover its potential benefits, ethical considerations, and limitations. By doing so, the public can gain a more nuanced understanding of AI, which will help them better navigate the rapidly changing technological landscape and make informed decisions about its use.

Challenges and Limitations Faced by Librarianship in Shaping Debates on AI

While librarianship has immense potential to shape debates on emerging technologies like AI, it faces certain challenges:

One of the major challenges in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is related to bias within libraries themselves. It is important to note that library bias can impact how resources are selected or presented to users. 

Though librarians are known for their impartiality and objectivity, they must remain vigilant against their preferences when curating collections on AI. Librarians must ensure that diverse perspectives on AI are adequately represented in their groups. This will not only help to provide a more complete understanding of the topic but also ensure that the users are presented with a balanced view of the subject. Therefore, it is pertinent that librarians take the necessary steps to mitigate any potential bias in their collections and ensure that their readers are inclusive of all perspectives.

In the fast-paced world of AI research, one of the biggest challenges professionals face is accessing accurate and up-to-date information. Keeping up with the latest developments in the field can be a daunting task, as the technology is evolving rapidly. To bridge this gap, librarians and other professionals must develop strategies for continuous learning and collaboration with experts in the field. By staying informed and well-connected, they can ensure that they have access to reliable resources and can keep pace with the latest advancements in AI research.


Coffee Please!