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Tuesday, November 07, 2023

AI Trends 2023

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly expanding with unprecedented growth. It is projected that global spending on AI technology will reach over $500 billion by 2023. This significant investment by governments and businesses highlights the potential of AI to revolutionize industries across the board, from healthcare to finance and beyond. 

Generative AI, such as ChatGPT, is one of the most promising developments in AI, and it is seen as a transformative technology with far-reaching implications for various business functions. According to experts in the field, including Perri and McKinsey & Company, Generative AI is expected to become increasingly prevalent in the coming years and will likely play a pivotal role in shaping the future of AI.

According to a report by NetBase Quid in 2023, private investment in AI has decreased to $189.6 billion, but the reasons behind this decline are unclear and require further clarification. On the other hand, the adoption of AI technology by businesses has significantly increased over the past five years, with a more than twofold rise. This trend indicates that AI is being integrated more deeply into various industries, which could lead to transformative changes in how businesses operate. 

The increasing use of AI in industries such as healthcare, finance, and transportation has shown promising results in terms of efficiency, cost savings, and improved outcomes. As the technology continues to evolve and become more accessible, we will likely see even greater adoption and integration of AI in the future.

In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of attention given to the issue of AI-generated misinformation and algorithmic bias. These concerns have been central to discussions around the ethical considerations of AI development and implementation. As highlighted by the World Economic Forum in 2023, the potential for AI systems to perpetuate misinformation and bias has serious consequences that must be addressed. 

One of the main challenges in developing and using AI systems is their reliance on the data they have been trained on. If the data is biased or incomplete, the resulting AI system will also be limited. As such, developers and users of AI systems must remain aware of these limitations and take steps to mitigate them.

As technology advances, we witness a significant shift in how humans and AI collaborate. AI is increasingly used to assist in various tasks, from generating content to automating routine operations. This trend suggests that AI is expected to work alongside and complement knowledge workers rather than replace them, as predicted by Gartner for the year 2023. Microsoft's investment in OpenAI is a clear indication of the industry's recognition of the immense potential of generative AI, which has paved the way for exciting new developments in the field. With the integration of human expertise and AI capabilities, we can look forward to a future where we can achieve even more remarkable feats.

It is crucial to prioritize responsible development and ethical practices to ensure that the impact of AI on various industries is positive. The potential of AI is vast, and technologies like ChatGPT have a significant role to play in this regard. However, it is essential to implement AI thoughtfully and carefully to avoid potential pitfalls such as misinformation and bias. This can be achieved by creating an ecosystem that fosters transparency, accountability, and fairness in the development and deployment of AI systems. 

Additionally, it is crucial to ensure that AI is designed to align with social, ethical, and legal norms and that it is tested thoroughly to identify and mitigate any unintended consequences. By doing so, we can harness the full potential of AI while minimizing the risks associated with it.

For further reading and a deeper understanding of AI trends and their implications, consider exploring these resources:

- AI Index Report 2023: An annual report by Stanford University tracking AI progress.

- Future of Life Institute: Studies the societal and ethical implications of AI.

- OpenAI Publications: Research and articles from the creators of ChatGPT.

- The National AI Research Resource Task Force Report: Insights into the U.S. plans for supporting AI research.

- European Union's Artificial Intelligence Act: Proposed legislation for AI regulation in the EU.


IDC Research. (2023). Worldwide Spending on Artificial Intelligence (AI) Forecast. Forbes. Retrieved 

Perri, L. (2023). What is New in Artificial Intelligence from the 2023 Gartner Hype Cycle? Gartner. Retrieved from

McKinsey & Company. (2023). The State of AI in 2023: Generative AI's Breakout Year. McKinsey & Company. Retrieved from

NetBase Quid. (2023). 10 Graphs That Sum Up the State of AI in 2023. IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved from

McKinsey & Company. (2023). 5 AI Trends to Watch in 2023. Built-In. Retrieved from

World Economic Forum. (2023). Key AI Predictions for 2023 and Beyond. World Economic Forum. Retrieved from

Gartner. (2023). Top AI Trends to Watch Out for in 2023. Blog. Retrieved from

Monday, November 06, 2023

Fear and Loathing In AI

There is a strong tendency to sensationalize the potentially catastrophic consequences of artificial intelligence, which has become prevalent in public perception. The fear and exaggeration surrounding AI technology have primarily been caused by inaccurate media portrayals that often overlook the nuanced realities of this field. Despite the remarkable advancements in machine learning and other areas of AI, there are still many limitations and challenges that must be overcome before AI can achieve its full potential and take over the world.

It is important to approach this technology with a balanced perspective, acknowledging its potential benefits and the potential risks that must be addressed.

In the ongoing conversation about the impact of AI on society, librarians can provide valuable contributions by leveraging their expertise in countering misinformation and promoting critical thinking. 

Throughout history, librarianship has played a crucial role in shaping debates by providing access to accurate information and resources and by advocating for the importance of critical inquiry and analysis. As AI technology continues to evolve and shape our world, librarians have an opportunity to engage with the broader community and encourage thoughtful reflection on the ethical and social implications of these advancements.

This essay will delve into AI apocalyptic sensationalism, which refers to the fear and loathing surrounding the potential dangers of artificial intelligence. To gain a better understanding of this phenomenon, the historical precedents for librarianship's influence on debates related to emerging technologies are examined. 

Understanding AI Apocalyptic Sensationalism

AI apocalyptic sensationalism is a phenomenon in which individuals and media outlets tend to amplify and overstate the potential hazards and capabilities of artificial intelligence technology. 

This tendency can result in the creation of an atmosphere of fear and panic, leading to a distorted perception of the actual risks involved. It is important to approach discussions about AI technology with a balanced and evidence-based perspective to avoid unnecessary alarmism and to facilitate a constructive dialogue about the opportunities and challenges of this rapidly evolving field.

The concept of intelligent machines surpassing human intelligence or even revolting against humans has been a recurring theme in science-fiction literature and movies for decades. 

The idea of a bleak and dystopian future where machines dominate and humans are subjugated has been explored in various ways by different authors and filmmakers. From classic works like the Terminator franchise to more recent films like Ex-Machina and Her, the portrayal of sentient machines has captivated audiences for years and fueled debates about the potential risks and benefits of artificial intelligence.

The reasons behind this exaggerated portrayal stem from both genuine concerns about unforeseen consequences of advancing technology and sensationalist tendencies within media outlets seeking attention-grabbing headlines.

In today's world, it is crucial to recognize the impact of media portrayals on public perception. The ease and speed of information dissemination through social media platforms make it all the more necessary to consider. 

The spread of misinformation through these channels can create a distorted understanding of various issues among citizens needing essential knowledge or expertise. 

Consequently, public discourse often tends towards alarmist narratives that rely on sensationalism rather than informed discussions based on scientific evidence and critical analysis. As we navigate through such a complex and dynamic information landscape, we must remain vigilant and cautious in our consumption and sharing of information.

Examining Precedents for Librarianship's Influence on Debates

Throughout history, librarians have played an instrumental role in shaping and guiding debates by actively countering misinformation and promoting critical thinking. They have traditionally served as reliable gatekeepers of information, diligently working to ensure that individuals can access accurate and trustworthy resources while simultaneously discouraging the proliferation of biased or inaccurate materials. By performing this crucial function, librarians have been instrumental in fostering a culture of intellectual curiosity and debate while also helping to ensure that our collective understanding of the world remains grounded in facts and evidence.

Librarians have also been at the forefront of defending critical thinking and intellectual freedom. One of the most significant instances was during the McCarthy era when librarians played a vital role in resisting censorship attempts and ensuring that people had access to a wide range of viewpoints. They stood up against the government's attempts to suppress ideas and maintain control over information.

Similarly, during the HIV/AIDS crisis, librarians played a crucial role in providing accurate information about the disease while countering harmful myths and stigma. They curated collections that provided people with the most up-to-date research and resources on the virus, helping to dispel misinformation and educate the public. Their efforts played a significant part in reducing the stigma around HIV/AIDS and increasing public understanding of the disease.

Overall, librarians' advocacy for critical thinking and intellectual freedom has been admirable and impactful, and their work has helped to promote a more informed and open society.

The Potential Role of Librarianship in Shaping the AI Debate

As AI technology continues to advance and impact our society, librarians can play a crucial role in facilitating informed discussions about its benefits, drawbacks, and ethical implications. With their expertise in organizing, evaluating, and disseminating information, librarians possess valuable skills in information literacy that enable them to identify and assess reliable sources of information, filter out misinformation and biased content, and present complex topics in ways accessible to the general public. 

By curating collections of resources on AI, including books, articles, and online databases, librarians can help bridge the gap between technical experts and laypeople, providing a better understanding of the technology's capabilities, limitations, and potential impact on society. This can foster a more informed and engaged public discourse about AI and its role in shaping our future.

In this context, librarians hold a unique position as neutral facilitators who can foster dialogue among stakeholders. They possess a wealth of knowledge regarding diverse perspectives, which allows them to provide balanced information and encourage critical engagement with complex technological topics. By leveraging their expertise, librarians can play a pivotal role in breaking down complex AI concepts and making them more accessible to a wider audience. Furthermore, they can help individuals navigate the ethical and social implications of AI, ensuring that the technology is developed and deployed responsibly and sustainably.

Strategies for Librarians to Shape the AI Debate

To influence conversations around AI technology, librarians can adopt several practical steps:

Librarians can be vital in promoting ethical considerations, transparency, and accountability within AI development processes. 

They can provide valuable insights by highlighting potential risks associated with algorithmic biases or privacy infringements, which can help developers make informed decisions. By staying up-to-date on the latest developments in AI technology and the associated ethical concerns, librarians can guide developers on responsible practices. 

With their expertise in information management and access, librarians can also contribute to developing robust data governance policies that protect user privacy and prevent discrimination. Overall, librarians have a unique opportunity to ensure that AI development is conducted responsibly and ethically, promoting the well-being of individuals and society.

In addition to developing and improving AI technology, it is equally important to promote educational initiatives that enhance the public's understanding of this field. One way to achieve this is through organizing workshops or seminars by librarians, where experts can share their insights and knowledge on various aspects of artificial intelligence. These workshops can address misconceptions about AI technology and cover its potential benefits, ethical considerations, and limitations. By doing so, the public can gain a more nuanced understanding of AI, which will help them better navigate the rapidly changing technological landscape and make informed decisions about its use.

Challenges and Limitations Faced by Librarianship in Shaping Debates on AI

While librarianship has immense potential to shape debates on emerging technologies like AI, it faces certain challenges:

One of the major challenges in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is related to bias within libraries themselves. It is important to note that library bias can impact how resources are selected or presented to users. 

Though librarians are known for their impartiality and objectivity, they must remain vigilant against their preferences when curating collections on AI. Librarians must ensure that diverse perspectives on AI are adequately represented in their groups. This will not only help to provide a more complete understanding of the topic but also ensure that the users are presented with a balanced view of the subject. Therefore, it is pertinent that librarians take the necessary steps to mitigate any potential bias in their collections and ensure that their readers are inclusive of all perspectives.

In the fast-paced world of AI research, one of the biggest challenges professionals face is accessing accurate and up-to-date information. Keeping up with the latest developments in the field can be a daunting task, as the technology is evolving rapidly. To bridge this gap, librarians and other professionals must develop strategies for continuous learning and collaboration with experts in the field. By staying informed and well-connected, they can ensure that they have access to reliable resources and can keep pace with the latest advancements in AI research.

Wednesday, June 14, 2023

Easy Zero-Shot Prompting ChatGPT Sentiment

Exploring the Power of Zero-Shot Prompting in Language Model Librarianship


  • In conclusion, Zero-Shot Prompting is a powerful feature in modern LMs that allows them to perform tasks without having been explicitly trained on similar examples.
  • Its potential applications in librarianship are vast, from sentiment analysis to categorization tasks.
  • However, it's important to recognize when zero-shot might not be the best choice, and additional examples or demonstrations may be required for optimal performance.
  • Understanding and utilizing such capabilities become increasingly essential as we leverage AI in libraries.

Problem being addressed

The advancement of AI and language models, such as ChatGPT, has revolutionized how information is comprehended and organized in libraries.

However, not many people know these models' full capabilities, particularly the remarkable potential of Zero-Shot Prompting. This exclusive feature allows LMs to carry out tasks without prior exposure to similar examples, and it is a feature that should receive more recognition.

Understanding Zero-Shot Prompting

Zero-Shot Prompting is a method that allows LMs, trained on large quantities of data, to handle novel tasks without previous examples. This is achieved due to the model's ability to generalize from its training data to unseen scenarios.

In other words, when provided with a task, the model can infer what's needed without being explicitly shown examples of the same task before. This can be particularly useful in librarianship where queries and tasks can be diverse and unpredictable.

Effectiveness of Zero-Shot Prompting

The effectiveness of Zero-Shot Prompting has been well-demonstrated across various scenarios. A prime example is the task of sentiment analysis, which is frequently utilized to comprehend user feedback or text reviews.

The model can accurately carry out this classification by presenting the prompt "Classify the text into neutral, negative, or positive," even if it has never encountered this prompt.

Let's take an example:

Prompt: "Classify the text into neutral, negative, or positive." Text: "I think the vacation is okay." Sentiment: Neutral

In this case, the model correctly identifies the sentiment as neutral, demonstrating the zero-shot capabilities.

When Zero-Shot Prompting Doesn't Work

Please keep in mind that Zero-Shot Prompting can be challenging. There may be situations where this method needs to produce the most accurate outcomes. In these cases, it is advisable to use few-shot prompting instead.

This method involves providing the model with a few examples to help it generate more precise responses. It strikes a balance between the no-example zero-shot and the many-example fine-tuning.

Example ChatGPT sentiment prompt

Classify the text into neutral, negative, or positiveI think the vacation is okayNeutral
Classify the text into neutral, negative, or positiveThis is the best day ever!Positive
Classify the text into neutral, negative, or positiveI didn't like the food at the restaurantNegative


OpenAI. (2020). Language Models are Few-Shot Learners. ArXiv, abs/2005.14165.


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